首页 健康生活 国外药师挣多少钱?做什么事儿?|澳大利亚社区药师服务概览

国外药师挣多少钱?做什么事儿?|澳大利亚社区药师服务概览

澳大利亚,药剂师是最值得公众信赖的职业之一。 大多数药师在医院和社区工作, 其中大约三分之二分布在社区药房(例如购物中心、街边零售店等)。社区药师为民众提供有关药物的专业建议和咨询,以及药物的使用,还有其他普通医疗保健项目。社区药师是医疗保健系统的重要组成部分。

以下是关于澳大利亚社区药房的一些有趣数字:

1、截止2022年7月18日,澳大利亚共有5875家社区药房。

2、澳大利亚人平均每年访问社区药房的次数在18次左右。

3、社区药房是居民最常访问和最便利的健康咨询点,每年有超过4.268 亿人到访,只有2,118家药房营业时间超出其他药房正常营业时间,包括周末。

4、2021年,在PBS(药品福利计划)和RPBS(退伍军人药品福利计划)推行下,社区药房发放了近2.183亿份政府补贴的处方药。

5、在首府城市,97%的人可以在2.5公里半径范围内使用至少一家药房,而在澳大利亚其他地区,有66%的人在药房2.5公里的服务范围内。

6、全国94%以上的社区药房获得了质量标准认证。

7、截止2022年6月30日,澳大利亚共有35,368名注册药剂师。其中,63.7%的药剂师是女性;大约59%的人年龄在40岁以下。

8、2020年7月至2021年6月期间,社区药房向患者(大部分为老年人)提供了1570万剂给药辅助工具(例如剂量仪和Webster-pak),以帮助他们继续在家中生活。

社区药剂师的主要职责是发放处方药并提供相关使用信息。大多数处方来自社区医疗诊所以及医院。在澳洲,除了一些医院特属药物(如癌症药物,注射类药物等),大多数药品都可以从社区药房获取,方便了群众也减轻了医院的负担。

提供非处方药物是社区药师的另一项重要工作。药师通常是接待大众医疗咨询的“第一站”。社区药房的网点密集给居民节约的大量时间和便利,很多常见小病人们更愿意在社区药房进行咨询和治疗。社区药房药师一般会根据患者提供的症状和其它相关信息进行诊断和治疗,在必要时将患者转诊给医生。常见病症范围包括:咳嗽感冒,胃肠道疾病,例如口疮、消化不良、腹泻;皮肤病,例如粉刺、疣、脚癣;疼痛,例如头疼、月经痛、背痛;女性健康,例如阴道炎,紧急避孕药;眼科,耳科常见病症,小儿科常见困扰,例如头虱,尿不湿引起的湿疹,失眠,减肥,伤口护理以及戒烟疗法等。

社区药房提供的其他服务包括但不限于以下项目

· 外敷膏状药物的配制

· 特殊药品采购(special order)

· 阿片类药物替代疗法,如美沙酮

· 针头和注射器供应

· 氯氮平供应系统

· 为养老院和个体患者准备剂量管理辅助工具,如剂量计和 Webster-pak

· 营养和维生素咨询

· 血压测试和监测

· 国家糖尿病服务计划实施接入点

· 睡眠窒息症设备配套服务

· 过期药物回收

· 为成年人接种疫苗

关于工资:

截至2022年1月,早期执业药师(经验不足10年)的年平均工资为66,955澳元(每小时32.77澳元)。该行业的年平均基本工资为80,943澳元。

文献来源Source:

Pharmaceutical Society of Australia: www.psa.org.au

Pharmacy guild of Australia: www.guild.org.au

(以下是高药师写的英文原文,有双语技能的药师可以学习)

The Role of Community Pharmacists in Australia

In Australia, pharmacy is one of the most trusted professions and most pharmacists work either in the hospital or community setting. About two-thirds of Australia’s registered pharmacists work in community pharmacies (e.g. shopping centres, retail strips, etc). Community pharmacists are medicine experts, providing professional advice and counselling on medications, including their use and effects, as well as general healthcare. They are an essential part of the wider healthcare system.

Here are some interesting facts about Australian community pharmacy:

-As of 18 July 2022, there are 5875 community pharmacies in Australia

-The average Australian visits a community pharmacy 18 times a year

– Community pharmacies are the most frequently accessed and most accessible health destination, with over 426.8 million individual patient visits annually and 2,118 pharmacies open after-hours, including weekends

-In 2021, under the PBS (Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme) and RPBS(Repatriation Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme), community pharmacies dispensed almost 218.3 million government subsidised prescriptions.

– In capital cities, 97% of people have access to at least one pharmacy within 2.5 km radius, while in the rest of Australia 66% of people are within 2.5 km of a pharmacy

– More than 94% of community pharmacies nationwide have achieved quality accreditation

-As of 30 June 2022, there were 35,368 registered pharmacists in Australia. 63.7% of pharmacists are women; and about 59% are under 40 years of age

– Between July 2020 and June 2021 there were 15.7 million dose administration aids provided by community pharmacies to patients to assist them to remain living at home.

A community pharmacist’s primary role is to dispense prescription medications and to provide advice and counselling.

Primary care and over the counter medicines is another important area. Pharmacists are usually the ‘first port of call’ in response to symptoms. Community pharmacies have developed procedures for information gathering when responding to request for advice that identify when the presenting problem can be managed within the pharmacy and when referral for medical advice is needed. Common areas of care include the following:

Cough and cold

Gastro-intestinal tract problems

Skin conditions

Pain conditions

Women’s health ie vaginal thrush

Eye and ear problems

Childhood conditions

Insomnia

Weight loss

Wound care

Contraception: emergency contraceptive pill

Smoking cessation

Other roles provided in the community pharmacy include but are not limited to the following:

Extemporaneous preparation of medicines

Procurement of medicines

Opioid replacement therapy and needle and syringes supply i.e. Methadone program

Clozapine supply

Preparation of dose administration aids for nursing homes and individual patients, i.e. dosettes and Webster-pak

Nutrition and vitamin selection

Blood pressure testing and monitoring

National Diabetes Services Scheme access points

Sleep apnoea devices

Return of Unwanted Medicines Program

Community pharmacists in all States and Territories can now be trained to administer vaccinations to adults

As of January 2022, the average wage for early career pharmacists (those with less than 10 years’ experience) is $66,955 per year ($32.77 per hour). The average base salary across the profession is $80,943 per year .

Source:

Pharmaceutical Society of Australia: www.psa.org.au

Pharmacy guild of Australia: www.guild.org.au

来源:光盐药事服务

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